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ISSUE 39 : Museumizing Imagination
Photography as Ethnographic Method: The Anthropological Photographic Archives in Japanese Colonial Taiwan, 1
攝影作為民族誌方法:日治臺灣殖民地人類學的寫真檔案(一)
November 30th, 2018Type: Image
Author: 陳偉智 Editor: Rikey Tenn
Quote From: 《現代美術學報》No.33
Note: In the beginning of the Japanese colonial rule, Taiwanese aborigines soon became targets of the 'savage administration' of the colonial government. They also were objects in the construction of the anthropological knowledge. In the unfolding of colonial governance and knowledge construction, the production of photographic images of Taiwanese aborigines developed as well. The formation of photographic archives of Taiwanese aborigines was part of official ethnography of the 'savage administration' as well as the use of photograph as a modern ethnological method. Anthropological photographic experiences during this period were both records of documentary photography of aboriginal governance and of representation of constructing ethnic-type categories. Drawing on ethnographic photos taken by the 'savage administration' and anthropologists, this article discusses official documentary photography and type photographs. It also analyzes field experiences of anthropologists, the production processes of photographic archives, and the reaction of the photographed.
圖1:舌納箏社社長Watanawi與其妻Lemoimaton的半身圖繪;出處:平野秋夫,〈臺灣生蕃視察ノ概況〉,《東京人類學會雜誌》115(1895):6-8
圖2:臺灣生蕃。左為《東京人類學會雜誌》中的素描,右為收藏在臺灣大學圖書館特藏組《伊能嘉矩手稿》檔案的照片。出處:伊能嘉矩,〈大嵙崁(Toa ko kan)地方に於ける生蕃〉及伊能嘉矩,《寫真帳 第五冊》,臺大圖書館《伊能嘉矩手稿》,J127-05-21
圖3:樺山總督最初的蕃人會見;出處:《征臺軍凱旋紀念帖》,1896(國立台灣圖書館藏)
圖4:臺北總督府內拍攝的生蕃人風俗;出處:《征臺軍凱旋紀念帖》,1896(國立台灣圖書館藏)
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