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ISSUE 39 : Museumizing Imagination
Photography as Ethnographic Method: The Anthropological Photographic Archives in Japanese Colonial Taiwan, 3
December 6th, 2018Type: Image
Author: 陳偉智 Editor: Rikey Tenn
Quote From: 《現代美術學報》No.33
Note: In the beginning of the Japanese colonial rule, Taiwanese aborigines soon became targets of the 'savage administration' of the colonial government. They also were objects in the construction of the anthropological knowledge. In the unfolding of colonial governance and knowledge construction, the production of photographic images of Taiwanese aborigines developed as well. The formation of photographic archives of Taiwanese aborigines was part of official ethnography of the 'savage administration' as well as the use of photograph as a modern ethnological method. Anthropological photographic experiences during this period were both records of documentary photography of aboriginal governance and of representation of constructing ethnic-type categories. Drawing on ethnographic photos taken by the 'savage administration' and anthropologists, this article discusses official documentary photography and type photographs. It also analyzes field experiences of anthropologists, the production processes of photographic archives, and the reaction of the photographed.
圖12:柯達箱型照相機(コダツク式寫真)。 出處:田代安定,《臺灣雲林高山蕃支族語》,臺大圖書館田代安定文庫,N108,1896
圖13:鳥居龍藏1896年10月7日在臺東卑南阿眉社拍攝的照片;出處:「卑南阿眉 圖版 53」。鳥居龍藏寫真資料研究會編,《東京大學總合研究資料館藏鳥居龍藏博士攝影 寫真資料カタログ I-V》;東京:東京大學總合研究資料館,1990
圖14:田野中的鳥居龍藏,1896年;出處:鳥居龍藏寫真資料研究會編,《東京大學總合研究資料館藏鳥居龍藏博士攝影 寫真資料カタログ I-V》。東京:東京大學總合研究資料館,1990
圖15:田野中的移川子之藏,1930年代;出處:台大人類學系影像收藏#3319 (檢索日期:2016年11月30日)